Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution

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Over a long period of time, this can cause big effects on the taxonomy of organisms, with the growth of whole new clades above the species level. Morphological evolution occurs through small changes in the morphology of an organism. Over a long period of time, this can cause big effects on the morphology of major clades. This can be clearly seen in the Cetacea , where throughout the group's early evolution, hindlimbs were still present. However over millions of years the hindlimbs regressed and became internal.

Abrupt transformations from one biologic system to another, for example the passing of life from water into land or the transition from invertebrates to vertebrates, are rare. Few major biological types have emerged during the evolutionary history of life. When lifeforms take such giant leaps, they meet little to no competition and are able to exploit many available niches , following an adaptive radiation. This can lead to convergent evolution as the empty niches are filled by whichever lifeform encounters them. Subjects studied within macroevolution include: [16].

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Quantitative genetic approaches to evolutionary constraint: How useful?


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Punctuated equilibrium comes of age. Phenotypic covariation and morphological diversification in the ruminant skull. Epigenetics: Linking genotype and phenotype in development and evolution. Deciphering the palimpsest: Studying the relationship between morphological integration and phenotypic covariation. The generation of variation and the developmental basis for evolutionary novelty. Is heterochrony still an effective paradigm for contemporary studies of evo-devo? Stabilizing selection and the comparative analysis of adaptation.

The evolution of genetic architecture. Adaptive landscapes and macroevolutionary dynamics. Replaying evolutionary transitions from the dental fossil record. The Ordovician brachiopod radiation: Roles of alpha, beta, and gamma diversity. Geological Society of America Special Paper.

Spiralian model systems. International Journal of Developmental Biology. Do cladistic and morphometric data capture common patterns of morphological disparity? Adaptive simplification and the evolution of gecko locomotion: morphological and biomechanical consequences of losing adhesion. Evolutionary and psychological effects in pre-evolutionary classifications. Journal of Classification.

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How comparable are categories in different phyla? Magnitude versus direction of change and the contribution of macroevolutionary trends to morphological disparity. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Dynamic evolutionary change in post-Paleozoic echinoids and the importance of scale when interpreting changes in rates of evolution. The morphological state space revisited: What do phylogenetic patterns in homoplasy tell us about the number of possible character states?

Evolution in an extreme environment: Developmental biases and phenotypic integration in the adaptive radiation of Antarctic notothenioids. BMC Evolutionary Biology. Origins, bottlenecks, and present-day diversity: Patterns of morphospace occupation in marine bivalves. Evidence for abrupt speciation in a classic case of gradual evolution. The evolutionary reality of higher taxa in mammals. The relative importance of directional change, random walks, and stasis in the evolution of fossil lineages.

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Morphological evolution through complex domains of fitness. Computer models of early land plant evolution. Deducing plant function from organic form: Challenges and pitfalls. Form and function in developmental evolution. How transcription networks evolve and produce biological novelt. Repeated evolution and the impact of evolutionary history on adaptation. Large punctuational contribution of speciation to evolutionary divergence at the molecular level. A hierarchical branching model of evolutionary radiations.

Genotype-phenotype maps maximizing evolvability: Modularity revisited. A model of developmental evolution: Selection, pleiotropy and compensation. Constraint and contingency in multifunctional gene regulatory circuits. PLoS Computational Biology. Model adequacy and the macroevolution of angiosperm functional traits. Genomic control process: Development and evolution.

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Macroevolution: The Problem and the Field Loading Excerpt LC Subjects. Science -- Life Sciences -- Evolution. Electronic book. Electronic books. Genetik Genetik. Makroevolution Makroevolution.

Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution
Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution
Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution
Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution
Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution
Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution
Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution

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